The purpose of this study is to develop and analyze a method to obtain optical schematic models of individual eyes. Each model should be able to reproduce the measured monochromatic wave aberration with high fidelity.
First, we choose a generic eye model as the input guess and then apply a two-stage customization procedure. Stage 1 consists of replacing, in the initial generic model, those anatomic and optical parameters with experimental data measured on the eye under analysis. The set of experimental data was that provided by a standard clinical preoperative examination, namely lens topography, ultrasound biometry, and total wave aberration. Then, the second stage is to find the unknown lens structure that would reproduce the measured wave aberration through optical optimization. Two totally different initial eye models have been compared; one considers a simpler constant refractive index for the lens, whereas the second model has a gradient-index (GRIN) lens.