Authors
Lynn, Marissa Howard MD,; Luo, Gang PhD,; Tomasi, Matteo PhD; Pundlik, Shrinivas PhD,; E. Houston, Kevin OD, MSc

Measuring Virtual Reality Headset Resolution and Field of View: Implications for Vision Care Applications

publication date
April 5, 2020
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Abstract/Introduction

SIGNIFICANCE 

To judge the feasibility of virtual reality (VR) headsets for vision testing and treatment of binocular vision disorders and low vision, angular resolution (logMAR) and field of view must be known and may not be reliably provided. This is the first study to measure the limitations of VR systems for eye care applications.

PURPOSE 

This study aimed to measure, in a sample of VR headsets, lens power and other physical and optical characteristics needed to calculate minimum angular resolution in logMAR and field of view in determining feasibility for vision applications.

METHODS 

Lens power and horizontal display size were measured, and logMAR, field of view, and maximum convergence demand were calculated for two standalone VR devices, Oculus Rift DK2 and HTC Vive, and, for four smartphone VR headsets, Zeiss VR1, Samsung Gear VR, VR Box, and SunnyPeak, each paired with four high-resolution smartphones, Samsung Galaxy S7/S8, iPhone X, and LG VR30.


Conclusion/Results

RESULTS 

On average, the smallest letter that could be displayed in VR was 0.55 ± 0.17 (20/71), ranging from 0.79 (20/123) in the DK2 to 0.28 (20/39) in SunnyPeak with S7. Mean field of view was 67.1 ± 18.0°, ranging from 39.6° in the SunnyPeak with S7 to 85.6° in the HTC Vive. The mean field of view when used as a low vision aid was 30.8° and 16.9° for 2.2× and 4×, respectively. The mean maximum near convergence demand produced for a 60-mm interpupillary distance was 68.2 ± 32.9Δ.

CONCLUSIONS 

The minimum angular resolution in logMAR of current VR technology is insufficient for visual acuity testing and may be insufficient for standalone treatment of amblyopia. Field of view may be less than that reported by manufacturers but adequate for some types of visual field testing and similar to existing telescopic low vision aids. Use for vergence testing and training is a concern for headsets with long eye-to-screen distance when interpupillary distance <60 mm.


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    Joya B.

  • Dr. Garbus spent an amazing amount of time to solve my very complicated visual problems. Over the years he has continually achieved results beyond what others felt possible. He is always up to date on the latest science. He is great!


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  • Family Vision Care Valencia makes it so easy. Staff is knows what they are doing and Dr. Garbus is thorough and kept me well informed during the exam.


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  • I have been coming to Family Vision Center for almost 20 years. Dr. Garbus has been able to help my vision when other doctors could not. Now my kids see him as well. I highly recommend this office!


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  • The Doctor is very good. I felt on this visit he seemed rushed. I had questions to ask him but he was already with another patient. I still do not know if my eyes are the same , worse, or better.


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Testimonials


My eight year old daughter was terrified to go to the eye doctor for fear of her eyes being dilated. The doctor was SO KID friendly! He immediately made her comfortable by engaging her in conversation. It was a geat experience.


Joya B.

Dr. Garbus spent an amazing amount of time to solve my very complicated visual problems. Over the years he has continually achieved results beyond what others felt possible. He is always up to date on the latest science. He is great!


Dolores K.

Family Vision Care Valencia makes it so easy. Staff is knows what they are doing and Dr. Garbus is thorough and kept me well informed during the exam.


Kristy B.

I have been coming to Family Vision Center for almost 20 years. Dr. Garbus has been able to help my vision when other doctors could not. Now my kids see him as well. I highly recommend this office!


Autumn C.

The Doctor is very good. I felt on this visit he seemed rushed. I had questions to ask him but he was already with another patient. I still do not know if my eyes are the same , worse, or better.


Howard B.

All the staff is friendly, helpful and knowledgeable, and has been for all the years I have been going there.


Mary Ann H.
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