Authors
D Gradin, D Yorston

Intraocular lens implantation for traumatic cataract in children in East Africa

publication date
2001 Dec 27
Category
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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose: To review the visual outcomes and complications after intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in children with traumatic cataract in sub-Saharan Africa, where contact lenses for unilateral aphakia are impractical in most patients.

Setting: PCEA Kikuyu Eye Unit, Nairobi, Kenya, East Africa.

Methods: All children younger than 16 years having IOL implantation for traumatic cataract between February 1993 and December 1998 (215 eyes) were retrospectively reviewed. Complications and visual outcomes were evaluated.


Conclusion/Results

Results: The study group comprised 147 boys and 68 girls. The median interval between injury and cataract surgery was 8 weeks. The most common causes of injury were stick (36.3%) and thorn (10.7%).

Extracapsular cataract extraction with IOL implantation was performed in all patients. The most frequent early complication was fibrinous uveitis in 110 eyes (51.2%). One hundred sixty-seven eyes (77.7%) had 1 month or more follow-up. Of those, 108 eyes (64.7%) had a best corrected visual acuity of 20/60 or better. Twenty-one eyes (12.6%) had a visual acuity of worse than 20/200, with the most common causes being amblyopia (9/21) and retinal detachment (5/21). Amblyopia was found in 42 of 108 (38.9%) children aged 8 years or less at the time of injury. Eyes with the IOL in the capsular bag were significantly less likely to require subsequent capsulotomy (P <.01) during the 2-year follow-up.


Conclusion: The results indicate that posterior chamber IOLs can be safely implanted by experienced surgeons in most children older than 2 years with traumatic cataract and should be the standard of care throughout the world.


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Testimonials


My eight year old daughter was terrified to go to the eye doctor for fear of her eyes being dilated. The doctor was SO KID friendly! He immediately made her comfortable by engaging her in conversation. It was a geat experience.


Joya B.

Dr. Garbus spent an amazing amount of time to solve my very complicated visual problems. Over the years he has continually achieved results beyond what others felt possible. He is always up to date on the latest science. He is great!


Dolores K.

Family Vision Care Valencia makes it so easy. Staff is knows what they are doing and Dr. Garbus is thorough and kept me well informed during the exam.


Kristy B.

I have been coming to Family Vision Center for almost 20 years. Dr. Garbus has been able to help my vision when other doctors could not. Now my kids see him as well. I highly recommend this office!


Autumn C.

The Doctor is very good. I felt on this visit he seemed rushed. I had questions to ask him but he was already with another patient. I still do not know if my eyes are the same , worse, or better.


Howard B.

All the staff is friendly, helpful and knowledgeable, and has been for all the years I have been going there.


Mary Ann H.
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