Authors
Irene H Ludwig, Susan P Imberman, Hilary W Thompson, Marshall M Parks

Intermittent exotropia: comparison of treatments

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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose: To identify the best treatment option for intermittent exotropia.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of the progress of 150 treated intermittent exotropia patients was performed. Treatment forms considered are: (i) surgery combined with orthoptic/occlusion therapy; (ii) surgery; (iii) orthoptic/occlusion therapy; and (iv) observation. Pearson's chi(2)-analysis of association of therapy form with success was performed. Reduction of exodeviation in prism dioptres between groups and subgroups were compared at 6 months, 1, 2 and 5 years follow up and the "within group" variations were compared. Exodeviation reduction in prism dioptres per millimetre of horizontal rectus surgery performed in the "surgery with orthoptic/occlusion therapy" and "surgery only" groups were compared.


Conclusion/Results

Results: Chi(2)-analysis revealed a significantly highest (P < 0.001) association with success in the "surgery with orthoptic/occlusion therapy" group at follow up. ANOVA analysis revealed that surgery with orthoptic/occlusion therapy resulted significantly (P < 0.001) in the highest reduction of exodeviation as compared with the other three treatment modalities at each follow up. Reduction of exodeviation in prism dioptres per millimetre of horizontal rectus surgery performed was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the surgery with orthoptic/occlusion therapy group as compared with surgery only at all follow ups. Chi(2)-test revealed no significant association of success with the magnitude of initial exodeviation (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Surgery with preoperative orthoptic/occlusion therapy had the highest success rates. Surgery with orthoptic/occlusion therapy was more effective in reducing exodeviation (prism dioptres per millimetre of horizontal rectus surgery), compared with surgery only.


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Testimonials


My eight year old daughter was terrified to go to the eye doctor for fear of her eyes being dilated. The doctor was SO KID friendly! He immediately made her comfortable by engaging her in conversation. It was a geat experience.


Joya B.

Dr. Garbus spent an amazing amount of time to solve my very complicated visual problems. Over the years he has continually achieved results beyond what others felt possible. He is always up to date on the latest science. He is great!


Dolores K.

Family Vision Care Valencia makes it so easy. Staff is knows what they are doing and Dr. Garbus is thorough and kept me well informed during the exam.


Kristy B.

I have been coming to Family Vision Center for almost 20 years. Dr. Garbus has been able to help my vision when other doctors could not. Now my kids see him as well. I highly recommend this office!


Autumn C.

The Doctor is very good. I felt on this visit he seemed rushed. I had questions to ask him but he was already with another patient. I still do not know if my eyes are the same , worse, or better.


Howard B.

All the staff is friendly, helpful and knowledgeable, and has been for all the years I have been going there.


Mary Ann H.
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