Authors
Alvarez, Tara L. PhD, FAAO,; Scheiman, Mitchell OD, PhD, FAAO; Santos, Elio M. PhD; Yaramothu, Chang PhD; d'Antonio-Bertagnolli, John Vito MS

Convergence Insufficiency Neuro-mechanism in Adult Population Study Randomized Clinical Trial: Clinical Outcome Results

publication date
July 14, 2020
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Abstract/Introduction

SIGNIFICANCE 

These data confirm the effectiveness of office-based vergence/accommodative therapy for improving the near point of convergence and positive fusional vergence in young adults with symptomatic convergence insufficiency within a double-masked longitudinal randomized clinical trial.

PURPOSE 

This study aimed to report changes in clinical signs and symptoms of convergence insufficiency from a randomized clinical trial evaluating the effectiveness of office-based vergence/accommodative therapy for young adults with symptomatic convergence insufficiency.

METHODS 

In this double-masked, randomized clinical trial, convergence insufficiency patients (n = 50; average age, 21 ± 3 years; range, 18 to 32 years) were randomized to either office-based vergence/accommodative therapy or office-based placebo therapy. Improvements in (1) near point of convergence, (2) positive fusional vergence, and (3) self-reported symptoms (Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey [CISS] score) were evaluated after twelve 1-hour sessions of treatment within the office comparing the results from the vergence/accommodative therapy and the placebo therapy groups.


Conclusion/Results

RESULTS 

The mean near point of convergence improved by 6.0 and 3.1 cm in the vergence/accommodative and placebo therapy groups, respectively (mean difference of −2.9 cm; 95% confidence interval [CI], −4.6 to −1.0 cm; P < .01). The mean positive fusional vergence increased by 17.3 and 7.4Δ in the vergence/accommodative and placebo therapy groups, respectively (mean difference of 9.9Δ; 95% CI, 4.9 to 16.0Δ; P < .001). The mean CISS score improved by 12.4 and 10.1 points in the vergence/accommodative and placebo therapy groups, respectively (mean difference of 2.3 points; 95% CI, −8.3 to +4.6 points; P = .56).

CONCLUSIONS 

Our results demonstrate that office-based vergence/accommodative therapy is effective for improving the near point of convergence and positive fusional vergence in young adults with symptomatic convergence insufficiency. However, given that both treatment groups had a similar reduction in self-reported symptoms, we recommend that the CISS be revised if it is to be used as an outcome measure in future studies of convergence insufficiency.


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Testimonials


My eight year old daughter was terrified to go to the eye doctor for fear of her eyes being dilated. The doctor was SO KID friendly! He immediately made her comfortable by engaging her in conversation. It was a geat experience.


Joya B.

Dr. Garbus spent an amazing amount of time to solve my very complicated visual problems. Over the years he has continually achieved results beyond what others felt possible. He is always up to date on the latest science. He is great!


Dolores K.

Family Vision Care Valencia makes it so easy. Staff is knows what they are doing and Dr. Garbus is thorough and kept me well informed during the exam.


Kristy B.

I have been coming to Family Vision Center for almost 20 years. Dr. Garbus has been able to help my vision when other doctors could not. Now my kids see him as well. I highly recommend this office!


Autumn C.

The Doctor is very good. I felt on this visit he seemed rushed. I had questions to ask him but he was already with another patient. I still do not know if my eyes are the same , worse, or better.


Howard B.

All the staff is friendly, helpful and knowledgeable, and has been for all the years I have been going there.


Mary Ann H.
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