Authors
Drew, Stefanie A.; Borsting, Eric; Escobar, Amy E.; Liu, Chunming; Castellanos, Efrain; Chase, Chris

Can Chronic Visual Discomfort Measures Accurately Predict Acute Symptoms?

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Abstract/Introduction

Purpose 

Several surveys exist to determine the severity and frequency of chronic symptoms related to visual discomfort. To our knowledge, there are no studies that investigate the potential of chronic visual discomfort ratings to predict acute discomfort symptoms that are experienced after tests of accommodation and vergence. We examined the ability of two measures of chronic visual discomfort symptoms to predict acute symptoms experienced.

 

Methods 

The Conlon et al. and the convergence insufficiency symptom surveys were administered to 40 participants to assess chronic visual discomfort symptoms. Two measures were used to assess acute symptoms. The first consisted of four Likert-scaled questions relating to comfort level during last test, visual distortions or movement, discomfort caused by overhead lights, and presence of headache symptoms. These questions were asked before and after binocular examination, and the scores were used to generate a postexamination symptom score. The second measure of acute symptoms consisted of participants rating their general discomfort on a four-point Likert scale after each binocular test, and the ratings were summed to produce a General Symptom Score. Participants were then categorized into a high or low Post-exam symptom group and General symptom group. Data were analyzed with a binary logistic regression to determine whether the chronic surveys could predict acute symptom group classification.


Conclusion/Results

Results 

Approximately 75% of predictions were accurate for either chronic symptom survey. Headache, soreness, and eye-related questions were more reliable predictors of symptom acute outcome.

 

Conclusions 

These data suggest that the Conlon and Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey (CISS) surveys are good predictors of acute symptoms induced during a binocular examination and validate the use of chronic symptom surveys as screening tools for symptomatic binocular dysfunction. Further investigation is required to determine predictability of accommodative or vergence performance.


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Testimonials


My eight year old daughter was terrified to go to the eye doctor for fear of her eyes being dilated. The doctor was SO KID friendly! He immediately made her comfortable by engaging her in conversation. It was a geat experience.


Joya B.

Dr. Garbus spent an amazing amount of time to solve my very complicated visual problems. Over the years he has continually achieved results beyond what others felt possible. He is always up to date on the latest science. He is great!


Dolores K.

Family Vision Care Valencia makes it so easy. Staff is knows what they are doing and Dr. Garbus is thorough and kept me well informed during the exam.


Kristy B.

I have been coming to Family Vision Center for almost 20 years. Dr. Garbus has been able to help my vision when other doctors could not. Now my kids see him as well. I highly recommend this office!


Autumn C.

The Doctor is very good. I felt on this visit he seemed rushed. I had questions to ask him but he was already with another patient. I still do not know if my eyes are the same , worse, or better.


Howard B.

All the staff is friendly, helpful and knowledgeable, and has been for all the years I have been going there.


Mary Ann H.
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