Authors
LYONS, STACY AYN OD, FAAO; JONES, LISA A. PhD, FAAO; WALLINE, JEFFREY J. OD, PhD, FAAO; BARTOLONE, AMELIA G. OD, FAAO; CARLSON, NANCY B. OD, FAAO; KATTOUF, VALERIE OD, PhD, FAAO; HARRIS, MONICA OD, FAAO; MOORE, BRUCE OD, FAAO; MUTTI, DONALD O. OD, PhD, FAAO; TWELKER, J. DANIEL OD, PhD, FAAO

A Survey of Clinical Prescribing Philosophies for Hyperopia

publication date
January 11, 2004
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Abstract/Introduction

Background

Prescribing philosophies for hyperopic refractive error in symptom-free children vary widely because relatively little information is available regarding the natural history of hyperopic refractive error in children and because accommodation and binocular function closely related to hyperopic refractive error vary widely among children. We surveyed pediatric optometrists and ophthalmologists to evaluate typical prescribing philosophies for hyperopia.

 

Methods

Practitioners were selected from the American Academy of Optometry Binocular Vision, Perception, and Pediatric Optometry Section; the College of Vision Development; the pediatric and binocular vision faculty members of the colleges of optometry; and the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Surveys were mailed to 314 participants: 212 optometrists and 102 ophthalmologists.


Conclusion/Results

Results

A total of 161 (75%) of the optometrists and 59 (57%) of the ophthalmologists responded. About one-third of optometrists surveyed prescribe optical correction for symptom-free 6-month-old infants with +3.00 D to +4.00 D hyperopia, but fewer than 5% of ophthalmologists prescribe at this level. Most eye care practitioners prescribe optical correction for symptom-free 2-year-old children with +5.00 D of hyperopia, and this criterion for hyperopia decreases with age. Most ophthalmologists (71.4%) prescribe the full amount of astigmatism and less than the full amount of cycloplegic spherical component, and most optometrists (71.6%) prescribe less than the full amount of both components. When prescribing less than the full amount of astigmatism, eye care practitioners do not tend to prescribe a specific proportion of the cycloplegic refractive error.

 

Conclusion

Pediatric eye care providers show a lack of consensus on prescribing philosophies for hyperopic children.


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Testimonials


My eight year old daughter was terrified to go to the eye doctor for fear of her eyes being dilated. The doctor was SO KID friendly! He immediately made her comfortable by engaging her in conversation. It was a geat experience.


Joya B.

Dr. Garbus spent an amazing amount of time to solve my very complicated visual problems. Over the years he has continually achieved results beyond what others felt possible. He is always up to date on the latest science. He is great!


Dolores K.

Family Vision Care Valencia makes it so easy. Staff is knows what they are doing and Dr. Garbus is thorough and kept me well informed during the exam.


Kristy B.

I have been coming to Family Vision Center for almost 20 years. Dr. Garbus has been able to help my vision when other doctors could not. Now my kids see him as well. I highly recommend this office!


Autumn C.

The Doctor is very good. I felt on this visit he seemed rushed. I had questions to ask him but he was already with another patient. I still do not know if my eyes are the same , worse, or better.


Howard B.

All the staff is friendly, helpful and knowledgeable, and has been for all the years I have been going there.


Mary Ann H.
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